The Gubadli region is located in the south-west of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The surface is mostly mountainous. The territory of the district is located in the south-west of the Garabag Range (Mount Topagac - 2010 meters), east of the Bargushad Ridge (Mount Everet - 1277 meters) and the southeast part of the Garabagh Plateau (Mount Gurbanepe - 1075 meters).
The Garabagh Plateau, south-east of the Yazı Plain (located between the Bargushad and Hekeri rivers), is about 450m high. In this area, the Karabakh ridge passes to the slanted and wavy thin layer.
Gubadli region borders Armenia with 120 km to the west, Hadrut district of Lachin region, Jabrayil region from east, and Zangilan region to the south.
Most of the villages are located around the rivers Haqqari and Bargushad. There are also villages in the mountainous and foothill, surrounded by forests.
Yura-Anthropogenic sediments are spread in the territory of the district.
In the district basically brown mountain-forest lands are spread. The flat plain, Geyen and Mezra are plentiful soils. In general, there are 79,812 hectares of land in the region. Of these, 14956 hectares were planted, 850 hectares perennial plants, 631 hectares of crops, 17192 hectares of pastures, 543 hectares of forests, 13160 hectares of forests, 582 hectares of vineyards and vineyards.
The climate of Gubadli is mainly mild, warm and dry subtropical. The average temperature in January ranges from 10 degrees Celsius in mountainous areas to 4 degrees Celsius in July and 260 degrees Celsius in July, and 140 Celsius respectively. The annual rainfall is 400-600 mm.
Bargushad, Hakari and their sails (Aga river, Small Hekari, Meidanderi and others) flow through the district. The water from these rivers was mainly used for irrigation purposes.
Bargushad River. The length of the Bargushad River (also called Bazarchay in some sources) is 178 km. The river basically originates from the Zangazur Mountains, the 3040-meter-high Zalkha lake in the Garabagh Plateau and the Apricot Mountains. It is called Bazarchay until the village of Urud. 93 kilometers of the river are in the territory of Armenia. Deli River, Sheki River, Sisyanchay, Takhtakorpu River, Dashli Stream River, Bakhtiyarli River in the Gubadli District, Aga River, Dovudlu. The Bargushad River flows into the Aras river, united with the Khakari River near the Garalar village of Gubadli region. The basin area is 2711 square kilometers. After reaching Hekeri River, the relative plain flows into a number of branches, flowing through the area. The annual flow is underground (55%), snow (35%) and rain water (10%). Snowfall in summer and summer forms floods in the river.
Average annual water consumption is 19.0 cubic m / sec. 45% of this is in spring, 25% in summer, 18% in autumn, and 12% in winter.
Used for irrigation.
It is fed mainly by underground, snow and partly from rainwater. The Bargushad River catchment area is 5600 square kilometers. There was a bottle of grass, cymbals, ghosts, moths, and other fish in the river.
Hekari tea. The length is 113 km, the basin area is 2570 km2. The second largest river in the Caucasus after the Tartar River in Azerbaijan (along with Bazarchay). Its starting point is from the southern slopes of the Quaternary Range, at an altitude of 2,580 m from the Shishtepe peak 3.5 km east. It is formed from the reaches of the Shalchchay and Hocazsuchay rivers (950 m), near the village of Garalar (Hindverd nose) of the Gubadly region, and is connected to the Bargushad River. The main lines are Hocazsuchay (length 43 km), Zabuxchay (length 51 km), Agsuchay (25 km), Shalchay (42 km), Pichanischay (length 29 km) and Hoznavar (14 km) rivers. The largest goal in the Gubadli region is the Kuchuk Hekeri river. The snow is made up of snow (23%), rain (1-5%) and underground (62%) waters. Snowfall in summer and summer forms floods in the river. During the flood (April-June), 60-70% of the annual flow goes through. The minimum water consumption in the river is observed in the winter months.
During intensive irrigation (July-August), 14-16% of the annual flow is discharged. The average mineralization of the water with hydrocarbonate-calcium is 200 mg / l.
After joining Hajar River with Bargushad River, Araza poured.
The tomb of the famous Sari Ashig is on the right bank of the River Hakari, and his lover Yachtsin's grave is on the left bank.
Arabian sources in the IX-XII centuries are called Arran-chay, and the Araza is shed. Also called Akhar.
Water is used widely in irrigation and power engineering. In the vast waters of the Hakkari River, there is ghostly, mushroom, and large golden fish.
In recent years, thousands of hectares of planting land have been irrigated through the Pond water pumping stations built on the river.
There are more than 600 springs in the Gubadli region rich in minerals. Among them are "Shirin Bulak", "Imamzadeh", "Turshsu" in Goyyal village, "Sobu", "Keklik", "Soyudlu Ali", "Chimli", "Chayzemi" and others in the village of Mammad.
Useful mineral resources
There is a sawmill in the village of Hajili in Gubadli region. Since 1965, there was a sawmill workshop. This stone was widely used in construction and landscaping. There were 6118 thousand cubic meters of stones in the field.
In addition, the region had the following reserves:
1. A marble limestone bed, 500 meters south of the village of Aliquluushag. Helpful facing.
In the south of this village there is a cobweb on the left bank of the Bargushad River.
2. Lalazar marble limestone bed near Gundalı village.
3. Marble lime bed near Muradkhanli village.
4. Marble limestone bed near Basharat village.
5. Tuff bed in the south of Mollaburhan village.
6. sand and clay bed in Khanlig village.
7. Eagle bed in Eyvazli village and so on.
There are 13160 hectares of forest in Gubadli. 7288 hectares of forests, 11 hectares of cultivated forest plantings, 91 ha umbrella unspoiled forests, 1400 ha sparse forest, 43 ha haul-ditch forest areas. In the forests, there were red oak, hornbeam, beech, pine, maple, lynx, acacia, and many fruit trees.
The territory of the district is also rich in natural herbs. There are lilies, thyme, biscuits, hawthorn, lilac, rhinoceros, cranberries, honeysuckle, hips, currant, blackberries, raspberries and so on. There are plants.
There are 10 natural monuments in the territory of Gubadli region:
1. The building of the District Executive Power is 2 pillars of east, 150 cm in diameter, 20 meters in height and 300 years old.
2. The building of the Gubadli City Executive Office, one of which is 150 cm in diameter, 20 meters in height and 300 years old.
3. In the courtyard of the building of Gubadli City Executive Office there are 2 eastern chinars with a diameter of 80 cm, height 21 meters and age 300 years.
4. In the village called "Top chinar", in the village of Khanlıq, 3 eastern chinars with a diameter of 180 cm, a height of 40 meters and a year of 1600 years.
5. Kurghi Mahruzlu and Muganli villages with a diameter of 150 cm, a height of 40 meters and a 300 year old age of East.
6. Gum trees are gum trees with a diameter of 80 cm, height of 8 meters and 150 years of age.
Fauna of Qubadli
The Gubadli region has a rich fauna. There are gray horns, badgers, foxes, jackals, sullen, oxen hedgehogs, gums, etc. on the slopes and plains in the forests of the desert, brown bears, wolves, lynx, roe deer and so on. lives.
Birds are composed of grass, turquoise, pheasant, pigeon, quail, sparrow, nightingale, eagle, massacre, roe deer, lizard, coral, gray.
The Gubadli State Nature Reserve, 20,000 hectares in the south-east of the Lesser Caucasus, was established in 1969. Located at an altitude of 1600 meters above sea level, the rich flora and fauna in this sanctuary are endangered by many animal and bird species: roe deer, desert, pheasant, etc. was protected.